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Prostate cancer: symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and life after

A man suffering with prostate cancer who is starting treatments soon.

It is the second most common cancer among men worldwide, with over one million new cases diagnosed each year. In this article, we will discuss the symptoms, treatment options, and life after prostate cancer.

Symptoms of prostate cancer

In its early stages, prostate cancer may not cause any noticeable symptoms. However, as the cancer grows, it can cause the following symptoms:

  • Difficulty urinating or frequent urination, especially at night

  • Blood in the urine or semen

  • Pain or discomfort during urination

  • Erectile dysfunction

  • Painful ejaculation

  • Pain or stiffness in the lower back, hips, or upper thighs

Prostate cancer diagnosis and treatment

Prostate cancer can be diagnosed through various tests, including a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test, a digital rectal exam (DRE), or a prostate biopsy. These tests can help detect the presence of cancer cells in the prostate gland.

There are several treatment options available for prostate cancer, including surgery, radiation therapy, hormone therapy, and active surveillance. The choice of treatment depends on the stage and grade of the cancer, as well as the overall health of the patient.

Surgery involves the removal of the prostate gland, while radiation therapy uses high-energy beams to kill cancer cells. Hormone therapy involves blocking the hormones that fuel the growth of cancer cells. Active surveillance involves monitoring the cancer through regular check-ups, without immediate treatment.

Life after prostate cancer

Life after prostate cancer can be challenging, both physically and emotionally. The side effects of treatment can include incontinence, erectile dysfunction, and fatigue. It is important for patients to discuss these concerns with their healthcare team, as there are ways to manage these symptoms.

Prostate cancer survivors may also experience mental health issues, such as anxiety or depression. Support groups and counseling can be helpful in addressing these concerns.

Diet and exercise can also play a role in prostate cancer survivorship. A healthy diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can help improve overall health, while regular exercise can help reduce fatigue and improve mood.


Prostate cancer is a common type of cancer among men, but with early detection and treatment, the chances of a successful outcome are high. It is important for patients to discuss their treatment options and concerns with their healthcare team, and to seek support when needed. Life after prostate cancer may present challenges, but with proper care and management, survivors can lead fulfilling and healthy lives.


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